What is cryptocurrency? All you need to know in order to take the first step.

What is cryptocurrency?

Cryptocurrency is a kind of digital payment mechanism that does not rely on banks for transaction verification. Cryptocurrency payments exist solely as digital entries to an online database that identify specific transactions, as opposed to actual money that may be carried about and exchanged in the real world. Digital wallets are where cryptocurrency is kept.

The use of encryption to verify transactions is referred to as “cryptocurrency.” This means that specialized programming is required to store and transport bitcoin data between wallets and public ledgers. Encryption is used to provide security and safety.

Some Examples of Cryptocurrency:

There are several cryptocurrencies. Among the most well-known are:

Bitcoin (BTC):

One of the most well-known currencies, Bitcoin, is widely recognised as the first cryptocurrency. It was made available as open-source software in 2009. 

Ethereum (ETH):

Ethereum is a cryptocurrency that was launched in 2015 as an open source blockchain platform. The Ethereum blockchain, in addition to documenting digital currency transaction ownership, focuses on executing the computer code of any decentralized application, allowing app developers to utilize it to pay for transaction fees and operations on the Ethereum network.

Litecoin (LTC):

Litecoin was founded in 2011 as a Bitcoin alternative. Litecoin, like other cryptocurrencies, is an open-source, global payment network that is completely decentralized, meaning it has no central authority.

Zcash (ZEC):

Zcash is a digital currency that is built on the Bitcoin technology. It is built on a decentralized blockchain and was developed by academics from MIT, Johns Hopkins, and other famous academic and scientific institutions. Zcash’s emphasis on anonymity is a crucial feature and distinction.

Reasons of Popularity of Cryptocurrency:

  • Most individuals believe that cryptocurrencies are the ultimate currencies that will rule the future, and they advise buying them now, presumably before they become more valuable or widely utilized as a method of financial transactions.
  • Solid underpinning technologies, such as blockchain technology, are touted as more secure than traditional payment systems because of its decentralized processing and recording approach.
  • Cryptocurrencies vary in that they are not always issued by a centralized authority, making them potentially impervious to government manipulation or interference.
  • In a nutshell, cryptocurrencies are seen favorably because of their divisibility, mobility, transparency, and resilience to inflation.

How to Make a Cryptocurrency Investment:

Every cryptocurrency is unique, but assuming you want to buy for profit, these are the steps to get started with cryptocurrency investment in currencies like Bitcoin and Litecoin:

  • Select a cryptocurrency exchange.
  • Begin acquiring cryptocurrencies.
  • Keep your cryptocurrencies in a “wallet.”

Select a cryptocurrency exchange:

To begin, select an exchange to purchase from, much like you would a broker for stocks. You will be able to establish an account with the exchange with which you have decided to begin investing in bitcoin. There are various options accessible to you, however the most popular bitcoin exchanges include:

  • Kraken
  • Gemini
  • Coinbase
  • Binance

Begin Purchasing cryptocurrencies:

You may buy cryptocurrencies using a debit card on these exchanges. Typically, you may choose from various cryptocurrencies, including Bitcoin and Ethereum. A single coin might be worth hundreds of dollars. Most exchanges, on the other hand, allow you to buy a fraction of a coin, which is far more affordable for first-time investors. Each transaction you make on an exchange, like a stockbroker, will incur costs.

Keep your cryptocurrencies in a wallet:

When you purchase a bitcoin unit, it is added to your “wallet.” Not your real wallet, of course, but a virtual wallet that you will get when you open an account with an exchange. All of your bitcoin codes will be saved in the wallet.

There are two kinds of wallets: software wallets and hardware wallets. A software wallet is nothing more than a program that keeps your bitcoin. It is essential for regular trading and is often supplied when you open an account with a trading platform.

A hardware wallet is a physical bitcoin storage device. It has the appearance of a USB drive and is more protected than a software wallet, but it isn’t necessary unless you’re buying a substantial quantity of cryptocurrencies.

Benefits of Cryptocurrency:


Anyone may utilize cryptocurrencies. All you need is a computer or smartphone with an internet connection. When compared to opening an account with a traditional financial institution, creating a bitcoin wallet is a breeze. There is no verification of identification. There is no credit or background investigation.


They cannot sign transactions or obtain your assets unless they have access to the private key of your crypto wallet. If you misplace your private key, you will be unable to retrieve your money. Furthermore, the distributed network of computers validating transactions and the architecture of the blockchain technology protect transactions. As processing power is connected to the system, it becomes more secure.


All bitcoin activities are processed on the publicly accessible blockchain ledger. Anyone may use tools to search for transaction data, such as where, when, and how much bitcoin was transmitted from a wallet address. Anyone can see how much btc is in a wallet.

This kind of transparency has the potential to diminish fraudulent transactions. Someone can demonstrate that they gave money and received it, or that they have cash available for a transaction.


Because you do not need to open an account with a financial institution to utilize cryptocurrencies, you may keep your transactions private. Because transactions are pseudonymous, you have a unique identifier on the blockchain – your wallet address – but no personal information.

In many cases, this amount of secrecy is beneficial (both innocent and illicit). When a wallet address is linked to an identity, all transaction data is made public. To increase cryptocurrency privacy, there are numerous ways for disguising transactions, as well as certain currencies that are privacy-focused.


With all of the benefits bitcoin has over the monetary system and other asset classes, it’s tough to argue that utilizing or investing in cryptocurrency is worthless. Numerous consumers who want fast and secure transactions like the functionality offered by many cryptocurrencies. And, as technology barriers are removed, it will only grow more accessible over time.

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